Increasing agricultural productivity is essential for a good harvest. However, hard effort, experience, and a plan are necessary to attain a high farm yield. This blog post will look at several essential ways to enhance farm production.
A productive crop is built on good soil preparation. Therefore, crop selection is critical for achieving the greatest outcomes.
While water management is also critical, harvesting and storage techniques are key to a successful yield. So as long as you know the right equipment and how to store crops in a cool, dry place to avoid rotting and yield loss, you’re in for a bountiful harvest.
It is important to know the farm soil that you are going to cultivate before getting to it. Soil has different types. Some are loamy, while others are sandy and infertile. Crops grown in fertile soil give you a good yield. But know this, fertile soil isn’t all you require for a good yield. So let us look at how to prepare your soil for a maximum yield.
Soil Test and pH Levels
The pH of your soil might affect your production. Soil pH is measured in a range of 0 to 14. The number 0 is the most acidic, while the number 14 is the most alkaline. Therefore, growing your plants on soil with a pH of 6 to 7, considered typical, is good.
“How can I determine the pH of my soil?” is a concern on everyone’s mind right now, isn’t it? A simple pH test kit may put your mind at ease. This will assist you in determining whether to enhance the pH with lime or decrease the sulphur.
Tilling the Soil
Tilling the soil to loosen it is important during this stage. We may loosen the soil and transport the earth’s rich nutrients to the surface via tilling. It also helps air circulation and root health by increasing soil air. Tilling also helps with weed control, manure incorporation, and avoiding contagious diseases and pests. You can mount a tiller on a Swaraj 744 fe and take care of tilling without a hassle.
Farmers cross-check the appropriateness of suggested crop/cropping systems with their current resources and other factors throughout the decision-making process. As a result, they justify selecting or rejecting a crop/cropping method.
Research involves knowing all the key factors for growing a certain crop in farm. Answering some of these questions will help you get to know the kind of crop that you should be growing:
Is the crop/cropping system appropriate for local weather characteristics such as temperature, rainfall, sun shine hours, relative humidity, wind velocity, wind direction, seasons, and agro ecological situations?
Is the crop/cropping system appropriate for the local soil type, pH, and fertility?
Do you have an appropriate water supply, such as tanks, wells, or dams?
Is there enough rain in your area?
Is the rainfall distribution acceptable for growing the listed crops?
Does the water have good quality?
Is there energy available to raise the water?
Have you had any pump sets or micro irrigation systems?
Hybrid Seeds to Produce High Yields
Controlled cross-pollination between various kinds of the same plant results in hybrid seeds. They are selected to improve the properties of the producing plants, such as yield, uniformity, and disease resistance.
Rotate Your Crops
Crop rotation entails planting various crops on the same ground at different stages of growth/seeding. Several studies have discovered that crop rotation may successfully increase agricultural climate resilience by improving plant systems’ water dynamics, soil health, and biological conditions.
Even under drought situations, varied crop rotation may mitigate the consequences of increasing drought severity and heat waves by ensuring that maise and other crops can withstand harsh weather. Diverse crop rotation may assist in increasing planting system stability, and a strong agricultural ecosystem can minimise strain and resist uncontrolled weather and organisms in the event of harsh weather.
Harvesting and Storage
Crop harvesting is one of the most important and significant procedures in crop production. After the crop has ripened or completely developed, it is chopped and gathered (Reaping), a process known as harvesting. Harvesting is affected by a number of factors, including season, crop variety, crop maturity period, and so on. The primary goal of proper harvest techniques is to enhance crop output while minimising crop losses.
The Right Time For Harvest
One of the most important variables in crop loss prevention is determining the best time to harvest crops. Too early harvesting will result in a larger proportion of unfilled or immature grains, lowering production and increasing grain breakage during milling. Harvesting too late will result in severe losses and breakage. The germination capacity of the seeds is also affected by harvest time.
Tools and Techniques to Prevent Crop Damage
In the long term, investing in the correct tools and equipment may save you time and money. Using a GPS-based guiding system, for example, may help you apply fertiliser and herbicides more precisely, decreasing waste and boosting efficiency.
Storage of Crops
The next crucial stage in effective crop production is to use correct storage procedures to guarantee that your consumers get high-quality products. It is critical that you do not ignore post-harvest care since it may affect the flavour, texture, nutrition, safety, and general salability of your crops. If you need a haulage tractor, the Kubota mu 5501 is highly affordable and competitive when compared to the other tractors in this performance range.
Following these tactics may help you boost agricultural production while lowering expenses. But keep in mind that each farm is unique, and what works for one farmer may not work for another. It’s good to study and experiment to see what works best for your farm. You can enhance your revenues and develop a more sustainable and profitable agricultural enterprise if you take the appropriate strategy.